Soak the seeds in water that is room temperature for three days to aid in germination. Change the water daily. Alternatively, you can scrape the outside coat of the seed with a file to break the seed coat.
It is also possible to grow this lovely tropical plant from seed. Learning how to grow bird of paradise from seed isn’t difficult but may require some patience. It is imperative that bird of paradise seeds are dry and fresh for best results. Plant seeds as soon after harvest as possible.
Many people leave their plant outside in the warmer months but bring them indoors when temperatures start to drop. To keep these plants thriving or simply start plants of your own, you can learn how to propagate birds of paradise. Propagating bird of paradise is a common practice that does not require any special skills or tools and may be helpful should the fear of winter survival be imminent.
How to Propagate Birds of Paradise
Provide a high quality, general plant fertilizer the following spring.
The germination of bird of paradise seeds is slow, so be patient. It can take anywhere from one month to a year to see a sprout. It can also take the new plant up to ten years to flower. Timing is dependent on soil temperature and freshness.
Bird of paradise is a unique and brightly colored plant that is native to South Africa. The beautiful flower resembles a colorful bird in flight, hence the name. This interesting plant grows to a height and width of 5 feet (1.5 m.) and prefers day temperatures of 70 degrees F. (21 C.) and night temperatures of 55 degrees F. (13 C).
How to Grow Bird of Paradise from Seed
Seeds should be planted 1 inch (2.5 cm.) deep in moistened, high-quality potting mix. Locate newly planted seeds somewhere hot, at least 85 degrees F. (29 C.), with indirect light. Cover the pot with plastic to retain humidity and keep the soil moist.
Put each division in a small, clean pot with high-quality planting medium. Although the temptation is to water the new division, it is best to let the cuts heal for a few days without water. Begin a regular watering schedule after this time.
Keep in mind that these are plants that require a USDA hardiness zone of 10-12. Anything below 10 will get too cold in the winter, damaging or killing the plant. Zone 9 can support a Bird of Paradise in the summer, but you should bring it inside during the winter months.
Regardless of the season you choose to plant your Birds of Paradise seeds, it’s important to remember that they need to have specific conditions met. Not providing the proper conditions for your seeds will prevent them from growing, regardless of when you plant them. Planting them in the fall allows the seeds all winter to grow. Then they can be transplanted, either to a larger pot or outdoors, in the spring.
Follow the basics of preparing the seeds: score them, soak them, and then plant them. It’s vital to do all of this in the fall so that the seedlings are strong enough to replant outside when the weather is warm enough.
To find the seeds on a Bird of Paradise, you’ll need a plant that has some blooms. The seeds are stored within the flower, so a Strelitzia that doesn’t have any flowers won’t have any seeds yet.
If You Want to Plant Your Seeds Outside
There are alternative ways to grow a new Strelitzia from an existing one. These tend to be an easier way to grow a new plant without the headache of dealing with seeds.
This article will cover the process of harvesting and preparing Strelitzia seeds, including tips on germination and transplanting your freshly grown sprouts. Bird of Paradise plants can be extremely slow to grow, so be ready for a long process. Once they’ve had a chance to develop, these plants are always worth the effort.
Once they’ve been soaked, your Strelitzia seeds are ready to plant! Bird of Paradise seeds require very specific conditions to germinate: lots of indirect light, at least 75° F temperatures and high humidity. The easiest way to achieve all of this is in a grow tray placed in a greenhouse. If that isn’t an option for you, a domed seed starting kit with a heat mat should do.
How Long Do Bird of Paradise Seeds Take to Germinate?
To open the seed pods, use sharp shears to cut the top off carefully. Try not to cut too far down, as this can damage the seeds. From there, you should be able to peel the pod open and collect the seeds inside!
To harvest the seeds from a Bird of Paradise plant, you’ll need a fully-matured Strelitzia with at least one flower. Ideally, that flower should be beginning to die back. The flower will begin losing its color, either white or orange, and turning a pale brown. Once you’ve identified a good candidate for harvesting, remove it from the plant and allow it to dry fully.