If you’re currently taking medical marijuana or legal opioids (i.e., painkillers), McNerney recommends revealing this only after a conditional job offer is extended.
With flashbacks to “Seinfeld’s” Elaine Benes failing a drug test thanks to poppy seed muffins, well, that may actually be different. It depends on the richness and frequency of intake.
Right now, if you’re using everyday products like CBD [cannabidiol] cream, results will likely appear negative.
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“You can say, ‘I don’t want to be drug tested,’ ” says attorney Mark Spund, chair of the employment law practice group at Davidoff Hutcher & Citron LLP in Murray Hill. “They can then say, ‘That’s fine, you don’t have a drug test, we don’t have to hire you. That’s one of the conditions of being an employee here.’ ”
‘The employee always has a right to say no; the employer always has the right to terminate.’
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“Employers give you the opportunity to get with your doctor, provide your information,” Simo says. “Thirty-three percent of employers overturn that result from positive to negative based on having a valid reason.”
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However, it may be possible to exceed the morphine threshold by eating foods with poppy seeds and USADA can’t predict how long morphine or morphine metabolites from poppy seeds will stay in your system. The most conservative approach would be to avoid poppy seeds a few days before and during competitions.
USADA cannot predict the amount of poppy seeds you can eat and remain below the testing threshold set by WADA. **In most cases, consumption of poppy seeds in foods will not cause a positive doping test.
Can the morphine from poppy seeds be detected in a sample?
Even though most of the opium is removed from the poppy seeds during processing (usually more than 90%), in some cases, the seeds sold for use in foods still have a significant amount of opium – and thus morphine – on them. The amount of morphine residue left on the seeds depends on how well the poppy seeds are cleaned and processed, which varies depending on the country the seeds are from and how and when they were harvested.
Research shows that morphine and codeine can sometimes be detected in the urine up to 48 hours after ingestion of poppy seeds from some pastries, such as bagels, muffins, and cakes (see reference one for a free article on this topic).
Do poppy seeds contain a substance that is prohibited in sport?
Lachenmeier DW, Sproll C, Musshoff F. Poppy seed foods and opiate drug testing—where are we today? Ther Drug Monitor. 2010 Feb; 32(1): 11-18.
While poppy seeds don’t actually contain morphine, the seeds can become coated by, or absorb, opium extract during harvesting. Opium is the milky substance that is extracted along with the poppy seeds from the seed pod of the opium poppy after all the petals have fallen off.