Root colonization results through storage time are presented on Table 5 . Significant differences prevailed as inoculated seed (both treated and not treated with fungicide) storage time increases; effectiveness for root infection decreases progressively. The colonization decrease that occurred from the inoculation time, after 10 months storage time, was 26%.
The root colonization by Mycorrhizal INIFAP ® percentage was significantly decreased by 2.42% by the seed treatment with chlorothalonil; still, since this assessment was carried out after 20 days, such decrease shall be recovered as the crop develops itself. The most affected treatment, with regards to root colonization by Mycorrhi-
ized substrate (mixed soil: sand 1:1); the planting density was 10 seeds per experiment unit. A destructive sampling of the experimental units was carried out 20 days after planting in order to have the 10 plants root colonization percentage determined .
Table 6 . Interaction among biofertilizers doses and root colonization.
One of the most important synergies for the country agricultural growth has been created by the link between barley demand and beer production, which consists on permanently fostering the development of an improved malting barley variety, aiming to achieve a high agricultural and industrial quality; such endeavor has been developed since 1961, when both the malting industry and the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP) celebrated the first cooperation agreement, aiming for the improvement of malting barley crop in the country. A major concern between IASA and INIFAP has recently arisen with regards to include the use of fertilizers in the barley production technological package, specifically barley seed mycorrhizal inoculated.
zal INIFAP ® with chlorothalonil treated was the treatment conducted with a single dose. No significant differences were revealed by neither the double nor the triple doses treatments.
Regarding colonization percentage among biofertilizers doses with and without chlorothalonil treated seed, significant differences were revealed ( Table 6 ). As observed, the colonization percentage was significantly decreased by the chlorothalonil application; however, there were no differences in root colonization percentage between the single dose and the two mycorrhizal doses, in neither fungicide treated nor untreated plant seeds. The concentration of chlorothalonil fungicide may also affect the symbiosis whith the host plant and decreased the colonization ratios .
"Agriculture and seeds" provide the basis upon which our lives depend. We must protect this foundation as a safe and genetically stable source for future generations. For the benefit of all farmers, gardeners and consumers who want an alternative, we pledge that we do not knowingly buy or sell genetically engineered seeds or plants.
Days to Maturity: See each variety for maturity rate from transplanting.
Fertilizer: Cabbage requires heavy fertilization. Fertilize plants with a high-nitrogen fertilizer
Before Planting: Cabbage require fertile soils in a pH range of 6.5-7.5, supplied with consistent irrigation throughout the growing period.
Watering: Be sure to water evenly, as uneven water can split the heads. Cut back on watering as cabbage reaches maturity, as this also can split the heads.
AVG. Seeding Rate: 100 seeds/50′, 500 seeds/250′, 1M/500′, 29M/acre at 2 seeds/ft. with rows 36″ apart.
Tips: Cabbage plants do better when planted near herbs like dill and rosemary. Avoid planting cabbage near strawberries, tomatoes or pole beans.
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Planting: Use early and midseason varieties for Spring crop. Sow 2 seeds per cell 1/4″ deep. Seedlings should be ready to transplant in 4-6 weeks. If possible keep soil temperature over 75°F until germination, then reduce air temperature to about 60°F. Transplant outdoors, 12-18″ apart in rows 18-36″ apart. Cabbage prefers cooler growing temperatures, between 55-75°F, but will produce decent crops under warmer, summer conditions. Use midseason and storage varieties for Fall crop. Start seedlings late spring and transplant to the garden in early summer. To ensure mature heads, seed the crop early in areas where heavy freezes occur early in fall. Successful cabbage crops can be grown where winters are mild. Transplants can be set out from September to February in these regions. Sow 3-4 seeds 12″ apart, 1/2″ deep, rows 24-36″ apart, thinning to one plant in each group.
Learning Download: How to Grow Cabbage